Results 2651-2700 of 3560 (3466 ASCL, 94 submitted)

[ascl:2212.022]
Elysium: Observing black hole accretion disks

Elysium creates an observing screen at the desirable distance away from a black hole system. Observers set on every pixel of this screen then photograph the area toward the black hole - accretion disk system and report back what they record. This can be the accretion disk (incoming photons bring in radiation and thus energy), the black hole event horizon, or the empty space outside and beyond the system (there are no incoming photons or energy). The central black hole can be either Schwarzschild (nonrotating) or Kerr (rotating) by choice of the user.

[ascl:1106.024]
ELMAG: Simulation of Electromagnetic Cascades

A Monte Carlo program for the simulation of electromagnetic cascades initiated by high-energy photons and electrons interacting with extragalactic background light (EBL) is presented. Pair production and inverse Compton scattering on EBL photons as well as synchrotron losses and deflections of the charged component in extragalactic magnetic fields (EGMF) are included in the simulation. Weighted sampling of the cascade development is applied to reduce the number of secondary particles and to speed up computations. As final result, the simulation procedure provides the energy, the observation angle, and the time delay of secondary cascade particles at the present epoch. Possible applications are the study of TeV blazars and the influence of the EGMF on their spectra or the calculation of the contribution from ultrahigh energy cosmic rays or dark matter to the diffuse extragalactic gamma-ray background. As an illustration, we present results for deflections and time-delays relevant for the derivation of limits on the EGMF.

[ascl:1603.016]
ellc: Light curve model for eclipsing binary stars and transiting exoplanets

ellc analyzes the light curves of detached eclipsing binary stars and transiting exoplanet systems. The model represents stars as triaxial ellipsoids, and the apparent flux from the binary is calculated using Gauss-Legendre integration over the ellipses that are the projection of these ellipsoids on the sky. The code can also calculate the fluxweighted radial velocity of the stars during an eclipse (Rossiter-McLaghlin effect). ellc can model a wide range of eclipsing binary stars and extrasolar planetary systems, and can enable the use of modern Monte Carlo methods for data analysis and model testing.

[submitted]
ELISA: Efficient Library for Spectral Analysis in High-Energy Astrophysics

Xue, Wang-Chen; Xiong, Shao-Lin; Li, Xiao-Bo; Xie, Sheng-Lun; Zheng, Chao; Zhang, Yan-Qiu; Liu, Jia-Cong

ELISA is a Python library designed for efficient spectral modeling and robust statistical inference. With user-friendly interface, ELISA streamlines the spectral analysis workflow.

The modeling framework of ELISA is flexible, allowing users to construct complex models by combining models of ELISA and XSPEC, as well as custom models. Parameters across different model components can also be linked. The models can be fitted to the spectral datasets using either Bayesian or maximum likelihood approaches. For Bayesian fitting, ELISA incorporates advanced Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms, including the No-U-Turn Sampler (NUTS), nested sampling, and affine-invariant ensemble sampling, to tackle the posterior sampling problem. For maximum likelihood estimation (MLE), ELISA includes two robust algorithms: the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm and the Migrad algorithm from Minuit. The computation backend is based on Google's JAX, a high-performance numerical computing library, which can reduce the runtime for fitting procedures like MCMC, thereby enhancing the efficiency of analysis.

After fitting, goodness-of-fit assessment can be done with a single function call, which automatically conducts posterior predictive checks and leave-one-out cross-validation for Bayesian models, or parametric bootstrap for MLE. These methods offer greater accuracy and reliability than traditional fit-statistic/dof measures, and thus better model discovery capability. For comparing multiple candidate models, ELISA provides robust Bayesian tools such as the Widely Applicable Information Criterion (WAIC) and the Leave-One-Out Information Criterion (LOOIC), which are more reliable than AIC or BIC. Thanks to the object-oriented design, collecting the analysis results should be simple. ELISA also provide visualization tools to generate ready-for-publication figures.

ELISA is an open-source project and community contributions are welcome and greatly appreciated.

[ascl:2108.015]
ELISa: Eclipsing binaries Learning Interactive System

ELISa models light curves of close eclipsing binaries. It models surfaces of detached, semi-detached, and over-contact binaries, generates light curves, and generates stellar spots with given longitude, latitude, radius, and temperature. It can also fit radial velocity curves and light curves via the implementation of the non-linear least squares method and also via Markov Chain Monte Carlo method.

[submitted]
EleFits

EleFits is a modern C++ package to read and write FITS files which focuses on safety, user-friendliness, and performance.

[ascl:1904.022]
eleanor: Extracted and systematics-corrected light curves for TESS-observed stars

Feinstein, Adina D.; Montet, Benjamin T.; Foreman-Mackey, Daniel; Bedell, Megan E.; Saunders, Nicholas; Bean, Jacob L.; Christiansen, Jessie L.; Hedges, Christina; Luger, Rodrigo; Scolnic, Daniel; Cardoso, Jose Vinicius de Miranda

eleanor extracts target pixel files from TESS Full Frame Images and produces systematics-corrected light curves for any star observed by the TESS mission. eleanor takes a TIC ID, a Gaia source ID, or (RA, Dec) coordinates of a star observed by TESS and returns, as a single object, a light curve and accompanying target pixel data. The process can be customized, allowing, for example, examination of intermediate data products and changing the aperture used for light curve extraction. eleanor also offers tools that make it easier to work with stars observed in multiple TESS sectors.

[ascl:2012.026]
EinsteinPy: General Relativity and gravitational physics problems solver

Bapat, Shreyas; Saha, Ritwik; Bhatt, Bhavya; Jain, Shilpi; Jain, Akshita; Ortín Vela, Sofía; Khandelwal, Priyanshu; Shivottam, Jyotirmaya; Ma, Jialin; Ng, Gim Seng; Kerhalkar, Pratyush; Sudam Sarode, Hrishikesh; Sharma, Rishi; Gupta, Manvi; Gupta, Divya; Tyagi, Tushar; Rustagi, Tanmay; Singh, Varun; Bansal, Saurabh; Tayal, Naman Manhas, Abhijeet; Reyna, Raphael; Kumar, Gaurav; Dixit, Govind; Kumar, Ratin; Mishra, Sashank; Jamgade, Alpesh; Singh, Raahul; Sanjay, Rohit; Shaikh, Khalid; Vidyarthi, Bhavam; Nayak K, Shamanth R; Gandham, Vineet; Vashistha, Nimesh; Das, Arnav; Saurabh; Kalvankar, Shreyas; Tarone, Ganesh; Mangat, Atul; Garg, Suyog; Gautam, Bibek; Srinivasan, Sitara; Gautam, Aayush; Singh, Swaastick Kumar; Salampuria, Suyash; Yauney, Zac; Gupte, Nihar; Shenoy, Gagan; Chan, Micky Yun

EinsteinPy performs General Relativity and gravitational physics tasks, including geodesics plotting for Schwarzschild, Kerr and Kerr Newman space-time models, calculation of Schwarzschild radius, and calculation of event horizon and ergosphere for Kerr space-time. It can perform symbolic manipulations of various tensors such as Metric, Riemann, Ricci and Christoffel symbols. EinsteinPy also features hypersurface embedding of Schwarzschild space-time, and includes other utilities and functions. It is a community-developed package and is written in Python.

[ascl:1102.014]
Einstein Toolkit for Relativistic Astrophysics

The Einstein Toolkit is a collection of software components and tools for simulating and analyzing general relativistic astrophysical systems. Such systems include gravitational wave space-times, collisions of compact objects such as black holes or neutron stars, accretion onto compact objects, core collapse supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts.

The Einstein Toolkit builds on numerous software efforts in the numerical relativity community including CactusEinstein, Whisky, and Carpet. The Einstein Toolkit currently uses the Cactus Framework as the underlying computational infrastructure that provides large-scale parallelization, general computational components, and a model for collaborative, portable code development.

[ascl:1904.013]
EightBitTransit: Calculate light curves from pixel grids

EightBitTransit calculates the light curve of any pixelated image transiting a star and inverts a light curve to recover the "shadow image" that produced it.

[ascl:2101.017]
Eigentools: Tools for studying linear eigenvalue problems

Eigentools is a set of tools for studying linear eigenvalue problems. The underlying eigenproblems are solved using Dedalus (ascl:1603.015), which provides a domain-specific language for partial differential equations. Eigentools extends Dedalus's EigenvalueProblem object and provides automatic rejection of unresolved eigenvalues, simple plotting of specified eigenmodes and of spectra, and computation of $\epsilon$-pseudospectra for any Differential-Algebraic Equations with user-specifiable norms. It includes tools to find critical parameters for linear stability analysis and is able to project eigenmode onto 2- or 3-D domain for visualization. It can also output projected eigenmodes as Dedalus-formatted HDF5 file to be used as initial conditions for Initial Value Problems, and provides simple plotting of drift ratios (both ordinal and nearest) to evaluate tolerance for eigenvalue rejection.

[ascl:2305.015]
EIDOS: Modeling primary beams of radio astronomy antennas

EIDOS models the primary beam of radio astronomy antennas. The code can be used to create MeerKAT L-band beams from both holographic (AH) observations and EM simulations within a maximum diameter of 10 degrees. The beam model is less accurate at higher frequencies, and performs much better below 1400 MHz. The diagonal terms of the model beam Jones matrix are much better known than the off-diagonal terms. The performance of EIDOS is dependent on the quality of the given AH and EM datasets; as more accurate AH models and EM simulations become available, this pipeline can be used to create more accurate sparse representation of primary beams using Zernike polynomials.

[submitted]
Eidein: Interactive Visualization Tool for Deep Active Learning

Eidein interactively visualizes a data sample for the selection of an informative (contains data with high predictive uncertainty, is diverse, but not redundant) data subsample for deep active learning. The data sample is projected to 2-D with a dimensionality reduction technique. It is visualized in an interactive scatter plot that allows a human expert to select and annotate the data subsample.

[ascl:2106.038]
ehtplot: Plotting functions for the Event Horizon Telescope

ehtplot creates publication quality, elegant, and consistent plots. Written for the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration, it provides a set of easy-to-use plotting functions for EHT and Very-Long-Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) specific figures. This includes plotting visibility and images for both synthetic and real data, adding uv-tracks to the plots, and adding the expected event horizon size to the plots, among other functions.

[ascl:1904.004]
ehtim: Imaging, analysis, and simulation software for radio interferometry

Chael, Andrew A.; Bouman, Katherine L.; Johnson, Michael D.; Narayan, Ramesh; Doeleman, Sheperd S.; Wardle, John F. C.; Blackburn, Lindy L.; Akiyama, Kazunori; Wielgus, Maciek; Chan, Chi-kwan; Farah, Joseph R.; Palumbo, Daniel; Pesce, Dominic

ehtim (eht-imaging) simulates and manipulates VLBI data and produces images with regularized maximum likelihood methods. The package contains several primary classes for loading, simulating, and manipulating VLBI data. The main classes are the Image, Array, Obsdata, Imager, and Caltable classes, which provide tools for loading images and data, producing simulated data from realistic u-v tracks, calibrating, inspecting, and plotting data, and producing images from data sets in various polarizations using various data terms and regularizers.

[ascl:1804.008]
EGG: Empirical Galaxy Generator

Schreiber, C.; Elbaz, D.; Pannella, M.; Merlin, E.; Castellano, M.; Fontana, A.; Bourne, N.; Boutsia, K.; Cullen, F.; Dunlop, J.; Ferguson, H. C.; Michałowski, M. J.; Okumura, K.; Santini, P.; Shu, X. W.; Wang, T.; White, C.

The Empirical Galaxy Generator (EGG) generates fake galaxy catalogs and images with realistic positions, morphologies and fluxes from the far-ultraviolet to the far-infrared. The catalogs are generated by egg-gencat and stored in binary FITS tables (column oriented). Another program, egg-2skymaker, is used to convert the generated catalog into ASCII tables suitable for ingestion by SkyMaker (ascl:1010.066) to produce realistic high resolution images (e.g., Hubble-like), while egg-gennoise and egg-genmap can be used to generate the low resolution images (e.g., Herschel-like). These tools can be used to test source extraction codes, or to evaluate the reliability of any map-based science (stacking, dropout identification, etc.).

[ascl:2307.041]
EFTCAMB: Effective Field Theory with CAMB

EFTCAMB patches the public Einstein-Boltzmann solver CAMB (ascl:1102.026) to implement the Effective Field Theory approach to cosmic acceleration. It can be used to investigate the effect of different EFT operators on linear perturbations and to study perturbations in any specific DE/MG model that can be cast into EFT framework. To interface EFTCAMB with cosmological data sets, it is equipped with a modified version of CosmoMC (ascl:1106.025), EFTCosmoMC, to create a bridge between the EFT parametrization of the dynamics of perturbations and observations.

[ascl:2404.012]
EffectiveHalos: Matter power spectrum and cluster counts covariance modeler

EffectiveHalos provides models of the real-space matter power spectrum, based on a combination of the Halo Model and Effective Field Theory, which are 1% accurate up to k = 1 h/Mpc, across a range of cosmologies, including those with massive neutrinos. It can additionally compute accurate halo count covariances (including a model of halo exclusion), both alone and in combination with the matter power spectrum.

[ascl:2405.014]
EF-TIGRE: Effective Field Theory of Interacting dark energy with Gravitational REdshift

Castello, Sveva; Mancarella, Michele; Grimm, Nastassia; Sobral-Blanco, Daniel; Tutusaus, Isaac; Bonvin, Camille

EF-TIGRE (Effective Field Theory of Interacting dark energy with Gravitational REdshift) constrains interacting Dark Energy/Dark Matter models in the Effective Field Theory framework through Large Scale Structures observables. In particular, the observables include the effect of gravitational redshift, a distortion of time from galaxy clustering. This generates a dipole in the correlation function which is detectable with two distinct populations of galaxies, thus making it possible to break degeneracies among parameters of the EFT description.

[ascl:1512.004]
EDRSX: Extensions to the EDRS package

EDRSX extends the Electronography Data Reduction System (EDRS, ascl:1512.0030). It makes more versatile analysis of IRAS images than was otherwise available possible. EDRSX provides facilities for converting images into and out of EDRS format, accesses RA and DEC information stored with IRAS images, and performs several standard image processing operations such as displaying image histograms and statistics, and Fourier transforms. This enables such operations to be performed as estimation and subtraction of non-linear backgrounds, de-striping of IRAS images, modelling of image features, and easy aligning of separate images, among others.

[ascl:1512.003]
EDRS: Electronography Data Reduction System

The Electronography Data Reduction System (EDRS) reduces and analyzes large format astronomical images and was written to be used from within ASPIC (ascl:1510.006). In its original form it specialized in the reduction of electronographic data but was built around a set of utility programs which were widely applicable to astronomical images from other sources. The programs align and calibrate images, handle lists of (X,Y) positions, apply linear geometrical transformations and do some stellar photometry. This package is now obsolete.

[ascl:2202.010]
EDIVU: Exoplanet Detection Identifier Vetter Unplugged

Zink, Jon K.; Hardegree-Ullman, Kevin K.; Christiansen, Jessie L.,; Dressing, Courtney D.; Crossfield, Ian J.M.; Petigura, Erik A.; Schlieder, Joshua E.; Ciardi, David R.

The EDI (Exoplanet Detection Identifier) Vetter Unplugged software identifies false positive transit signals using Transit Least Squares (TLS) information and has been simplified from the full EDI-Vetter algorithm (ascl:2202.009) for easy implementation with the TLS output.

[ascl:2202.009]
EDIV: Exoplanet Detection Identifier Vetter

Zink, Jon K.; Hardegree-Ullman, Kevin K.; Christiansen, Jessie L.,; Dressing, Courtney D.; Crossfield, Ian J.M.; Petigura, Erik A.; Schlieder, Joshua E.; Ciardi, David R.

EDI (Exoplanet Detection Identifier) Vetter identifies false positive transit signal in the K2 data set. It combines the functionalities of Terra (ascl:2202.008) and RoboVetter (ascl:2012.006) and is optimized to test single transiting planet signals. An easily implemented suite of vetting metrics built to run alongside TLS of EDI Vetter, EDI-Vetter Unplugged (ascl:2202.010), is also available.

[ascl:1901.010]
eddy: Extracting Disk DYnamics

The Python suite eddy recovers precise rotation profiles of protoplanetary disks from Doppler shifted line emission, providing an easy way to fit first moment maps and the inference of a rotation velocity from an annulus of spectra.

[ascl:2402.007]
ECLIPSR: Automatically find individual eclipses in light curves, determine ephemerides, and more

ECLIPSR fully and automatically analyzes space based light curves to find eclipsing binaries and provide some first order measurements, such as the binary star period and eclipse depths. It provides a recipe to find individual eclipses using the time derivatives of the light curves, including eclipses in light curves of stars where the dominating variability is, for example, pulsations. Since the algorithm detects each eclipse individually, even light curves containing only one eclipse can (in principle) be successfully analyzed and classified. ECLIPSR can find eclipsing binaries among both pulsating and non-pulsating stars in a homogeneous and quick manner and process large amounts of light curves in reasonable amounts of time. The output includes, among other things, the individual eclipse markers, the period and time of first (primary) eclipse, and a score between 0 and 1 indicating the likelihood that the analyzed light curve is that of an eclipsing binary.

[ascl:1112.001]
Eclipse: ESO C Library for an Image Processing Software Environment

Written in ANSI C, eclipse is a library offering numerous services related to astronomical image processing: FITS data access, various image and cube loading methods, binary image handling and filtering (including convolution and morphological filters), 2-D cross-correlation, connected components, cube and image arithmetic, dead pixel detection and correction, object detection, data extraction, flat-fielding with robust fit, image generation, statistics, photometry, image-space resampling, image combination, and cube stacking. It also contains support for mathematical tools like random number generation, FFT, curve fitting, matrices, fast median computation, and point-pattern matching. The main feature of this library is its ability to handle large amounts of input data (up to 2GB in the current version) regardless of the amount of memory and swap available on the local machine. Another feature is the very high speed allowed by optimized C, making it an ideal base tool for programming efficient number-crunching applications, e.g., on parallel (Beowulf) systems.

[ascl:2306.031]
ECLIPSE: Efficient Cmb poLarization and Intensity Power Spectra Estimator

ECLIPSE (Efficient Cmb poLarization and Intensity Power Spectra Estimator) implements an optimized version of the Quadratic Maximum Likelihood (QML) method for the estimation of the power spectra of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) from masked skies. Written in Fortran, ECLIPSE can be used in a personal computer but also benefits from the capabilities of a supercomputer to tackle large scale problems; it is designed to run parallel on many MPI tasks. ECLIPSE analyzes masked CMB maps in which the signal can be affected by the beam and pixel window functions. The masks of intensity and polarization can be different and the noise can be isotropic or anisotropic. The program can estimate auto and cross-correlation power spectrum, that can be binned or unbinned.

[ascl:1910.008]
ECLIPS3D: Linear wave and circulation calculations

ECLIPS3D (Eigenvectors, Circulation, and Linear Instabilities for Planetary Science in 3 Dimensions) calculates a posteriori energy equations for the study of linear processes in planetary atmospheres with an arbitrary steady state, and provides both increased robustness and physical meaning to the obtained eigenmodes. It was developed originally for planetary atmospheres and includes python scripts for data analysis. ECLIPS3D can be used to study the initial spin up of superrotation of GCM simulations of hot Jupiters in addition to being applied to other problems.

[ascl:1810.011]
Eclairs: Efficient Codes for the LArge scales of the unIveRSe

Eclairs calculates matter power spectrum based on standard perturbation theory and regularized pertubation theory. The codes are written in C++ with a python wrapper which is designed to be easily combined with MCMC samplers.

[ascl:2008.020]
Eclaire: CUDA-based Library for Astronomical Image REduction

Niwano, Masafumi; Murata, Katsuhiro L.; Adachi, Ryo; Wang, Sili; Tachibana, Yutaro; Yatsu, Youichi; Kawai, Nobuyuki; Shimokawabe, Takashi; Itoh, Ryousuke

Eclaire is a GPU-accelerated image-reduction pipeline; it uses CuPy, a Python package for general-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU), to perform image processing, including bias subtraction, dark subtraction, flat fielding, bad pixel masking, alignment, and co-adding. It has been used for real-time image reduction of MITSuME observational data, and can be used with data from other observatories.

[ascl:1405.018]
ECHOMOP: Echelle data reduction package

ECHOMOP extracts spectra from 2-D data frames. These data can be single-order spectra or multi-order echelle spectra. A substantial degree of automation is provided, particularly in the traditionally manual functions for cosmic-ray detection and wavelength calibration; manual overrides are available. Features include robust and flexible order tracing, optimal extraction, support for variance arrays, and 2-D distortion fitting and extraction. ECHOMOP is distributed as part of the Starlink software collection (ascl:1110.012).

[ascl:1810.006]
Echelle++: Generic spectrum simulator

Echelle++ simulates realistic raw spectra based on the Zemax model of any spectrograph, with a particular emphasis on cross-dispersed Echelle spectrographs. The code generates realistic spectra of astronomical and calibration sources, with accurate representation of optical aberrations, the shape of the point spread function, detector characteristics, and photon noise. It produces high-fidelity spectra fast, an important feature when testing data reduction pipelines with a large set of different input spectra, when making critical choices about order spacing in the design phase of the instrument, or while aligning the spectrograph during construction. Echelle++ also works with low resolution, low signal to noise, multi-object, IFU, or long slit spectra, for simulating a wide array of spectrographs.

[ascl:2207.005]
echelle: Dynamic echelle diagrams for asteroseismology

Echelle diagrams are used mainly in asteroseismology, where they function as a diagnostic tool for estimating Δν, the separation between modes of the same degree ℓ; the amplitude spectrum of a star is stacked in equal slices of Δν, the large separation. The echelle Python code creates and manipulates echelle diagrams. The code provides the ability to dynamically change Δν for rapid identification of the correct value. echelle features performance optimized dynamic echelle diagrams and multiple backends for supporting Jupyter or terminal usage.

[ascl:1411.017]
ECCSAMPLES: Bayesian Priors for Orbital Eccentricity

ECCSAMPLES solves the inverse cumulative density function (CDF) of a Beta distribution, sometimes called the IDF or inverse transform sampling. This allows one to sample from the relevant priors directly. ECCSAMPLES actually provides joint samples for both the eccentricity and the argument of periastron, since for transiting systems they display non-zero covariance.

[ascl:2404.015]
EBWeyl: Compute the electric and magnetic parts of the Weyl tensor

EBWeyl computes the electric and magnetic parts of the Weyl tensor, Eαβ and Bαβ, using a 3+1 slicing formulation. The module provides a Finite Differencing class with 4th (default) and 6th order backward, centered, and forward schemes. Periodic boundary conditions are used by default; otherwise, a combination of the 3 schemes is available. It also includes a Weyl class that computes for a given metric the variables of the 3+1 formalism, the spatial Christoffel symbols, spatial Ricci tensor, electric and magnetic parts of the Weyl tensor projected along the normal to the hypersurface and fluid flow, the Weyl scalars and invariant scalars. EBWeyl can also compute the determinant and inverse of a 3x3 or 4x4 matrice in every position of a data box.

[ascl:1203.007]
EBTEL: Enthalpy-Based Thermal Evolution of Loops

Observational and theoretical evidence suggests that coronal heating is impulsive and occurs on very small cross-field spatial scales. A single coronal loop could contain a hundred or more individual strands that are heated quasi-independently by nanoflares. It is therefore an enormous undertaking to model an entire active region or the global corona. Three-dimensional MHD codes have inadequate spatial resolution, and 1D hydro codes are too slow to simulate the many thousands of elemental strands that must be treated in a reasonable representation. Fortunately, thermal conduction and flows tend to smooth out plasma gradients along the magnetic field, so "0D models" are an acceptable alternative. We have developed a highly efficient model called Enthalpy-Based Thermal Evolution of Loops (EBTEL) that accurately describes the evolution of the average temperature, pressure, and density along a coronal strand. It improves significantly upon earlier models of this type--in accuracy, flexibility, and capability. It treats both slowly varying and highly impulsive coronal heating; it provides the differential emission measure distribution, DEM(T), at the transition region footpoints; and there are options for heat flux saturation and nonthermal electron beam heating. EBTEL gives excellent agreement with far more sophisticated 1D hydro simulations despite using four orders of magnitude less computing time. It promises to be a powerful new tool for solar and stellar studies.

[ascl:1909.007]
EBHLIGHT: General relativistic radiation magnetohydrodynamics with Monte Carlo transport

EBHLIGHT (also referred to as BHLIGHT) solves the equations of general relativistic radiation magnetohydrodynamics in stationary spacetimes. Fluid integration is performed with the second order shock-capturing scheme HARM (ascl:1209.005) and frequency-dependent radiation transport is performed with the second order Monte Carlo code grmonty (ascl:1306.002). Fluid and radiation exchange four-momentum in an explicit first-order operator-split fashion.

[ascl:1908.018]
EBAI: Eclipsing Binaries with Artificial Intelligence

Prša, A.; Guinan, E. F.; Devinney, E. J.; DeGeorge, M.; Bradstreet, D. H.; Giammarco, J. M.; Alcock, C. R.; Engle, S. G.

Eclipsing Binaries via Artificial Intelligence (EBAI) automates the process of solving light curves of eclipsing binary stars. EBAI is based on the back-propagating neural network paradigm and is highly flexible in construction of neural networks. EBAI comes in two flavors, serial (ebai) and multi-processor (ebai.mpi), and can be run in training, continued training, and recognition mode.

[ascl:1010.052]
EAZY: A Fast, Public Photometric Redshift Code

EAZY, Easy and Accurate Zphot from Yale, determines photometric redshifts. The program is optimized for cases where spectroscopic redshifts are not available, or only available for a biased subset of the galaxies. The code combines features from various existing codes: it can fit linear combinations of templates, it includes optional flux- and redshift-based priors, and its user interface is modeled on the popular HYPERZ (ascl:1108.010) code. The default template set, as well as the default functional forms of the priors, are not based on (usually highly biased) spectroscopic samples, but on semi-analytical models. Furthermore, template mismatch is addressed by a novel rest-frame template error function. This function gives different wavelength regions different weights, and ensures that the formal redshift uncertainties are realistic. A redshift quality parameter, Q_z, provides a robust estimate of the reliability of the photometric redshift estimate.

[ascl:1011.013]
EasyLTB: Code for Testing LTB Models against CosmologyConfronting Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi Models with Observational Cosmology

The possibility that we live in a special place in the universe, close to the centre of a large void, seems an appealing alternative to the prevailing interpretation of the acceleration of the universe in terms of a LCDM model with a dominant dark energy component. In this paper we confront the asymptotically flat Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB) models with a series of observations, from Type Ia Supernovae to Cosmic Microwave Background and Baryon Acoustic Oscillations data. We propose two concrete LTB models describing a local void in which the only arbitrary functions are the radial dependence of the matter density Omega_M and the Hubble expansion rate H. We find that all observations can be accommodated within 1 sigma, for our models with 4 or 5 independent parameters. The best fit models have a chi^2 very close to that of the LCDM model. We perform a simple Bayesian analysis and show that one cannot exclude the hypothesis that we live within a large local void of an otherwise Einstein-de Sitter model.

[ascl:2203.015]
easyFermi: Fermi-LAT data analyzer

easyFermi provides a user-friendly graphical interface for basic to intermediate analysis of Fermi-LAT data in the framework of Fermipy (ascl:1812.006). The code can measure the gamma-ray flux and photon index, build spectral energy distributions, light curves, test statistic maps, test for extended emission, and relocalize the coordinates of gamma-ray sources. Tutorials for easyFermi are available on YouTube and GitHub.

[ascl:1812.008]
easyaccess: SQL command line interpreter for astronomical surveys

easyaccess facilitates access to astronomical catalogs stored in SQL Databases. It is an enhanced command line interpreter and provides a custom interface with custom commands and was specifically designed to access data from the Dark Energy Survey Oracle database, including autocompletion of tables, columns, users and commands, simple ways to upload and download tables using csv, fits and HDF5 formats, iterators, search and description of tables among others. It can easily be extended to other surveys or SQL databases. The package is written in Python and supports customized addition of commands and functionalities.

[ascl:1612.010]
Earthshine simulator: Idealized images of the Moon

Terrestrial albedo can be determined from observations of the relative intensity of earthshine. Images of the Moon at different lunar phases can be analyzed to derive the semi-hemispheric mean albedo of the Earth, and an important tool for doing this is simulations of the appearance of the Moon for any time. This software produces idealized images of the Moon for arbitrary times. It takes into account the libration of the Moon and the distances between Sun, Moon and the Earth, as well as the relevant geometry. The images of the Moon are produced as FITS files. User input includes setting the Julian Day of the simulation. Defaults for image size and field of view are set to produce approximately 1x1 degree images with the Moon in the middle from an observatory on Earth, currently set to Mauna Loa.

[ascl:1611.012]
EarthShadow: Calculator for dark matter particle velocity distribution after Earth-scattering

EarthShadow calculates the impact of Earth-scattering on the distribution of Dark Matter (DM) particles. The code calculates the speed and velocity distributions of DM at various positions on the Earth and also helps with the calculation of the average scattering probabilities. Tabulated data for DM-nuclear scattering cross sections and various numerical results, plots and animations are also included in the code package.

[ascl:2205.007]
EarthScatterLikelihood: Event rates and likelihoods for Dark Matter direct detection in the presence of Earth-Scattering

EarthScatterLikelihood calculates event rates and likelihoods for Earth-scattering Dark Matter. It is written in Fortran with plotting routines in Python. For input, it uses results from Monte Carlo simulations generated by DaMaSCUS (ascl:1706.003). It includes routines for submitting many reconstructions in parallel on a cluster, and the properties of the detector, such as for a Germanium and a Sapphire detector, can be edited.

[ascl:1805.004]
EARL: Exoplanet Analytic Reflected Lightcurves package

EARL (Exoplanet Analytic Reflected Lightcurves) computes the analytic form of a reflected lightcurve, given a spherical harmonic decomposition of the planet albedo map and the viewing and orbital geometries. The EARL Mathematica notebook allows rapid computation of reflected lightcurves, thus making lightcurve numerical experiments accessible.

[ascl:2307.043]
EAGLES: Estimating AGes from Lithium Equivalent widthS

EAGLES (Estimating AGes from Lithium Equivalent widthS) implements an empirical model that predicts the lithium equivalent width (EW) of a star as a function of its age and effective temperature. The code computes the age probability distribution for a star with a given EW and Teff, subject to an age probability prior that may be flat in age or flat in log age. Data for more than one star can be entered; EAGLES then treats these as a cluster and determines the age probability distribution for the ensemble. The code produces estimates of the most probable age, uncertainties and the median age; output files consisting of probability plots, best-fit isochrone plots, and tables of the posterior age probability distribution(s).

[ascl:1106.004]
E3D: The Euro3D Visualization Tool

E3D is a package of tools for the analysis and visualization of IFS data. It is capable of reading, writing, and visualizing reduced data from 3D spectrographs of any kind.

[ascl:1910.013]
E0102-VR: Virtual Reality application to visualize the optical ejecta in SNR 1E 0102.2-7219

E0102-VR facilitates the characterization of the 3D structure of the oxygen-rich optical ejecta in the young supernova remnant 1E 0102.2-7219 in the Small Magellanic Cloud. This room-scale Virtual Reality application written for the HTC Vive contributes to the exploration of the scientific potential of this technology for the field of observational astrophysics.

[ascl:1407.017]
e-MERLIN data reduction pipeline

Written in Python and utilizing ParselTongue (ascl:1208.020) to interface with AIPS (ascl:9911.003), the e-MERLIN data reduction pipeline processes, calibrates and images data from the UK's radio interferometric array (Multi-Element Remote-Linked Interferometer Network). Driven by a plain text input file, the pipeline is modular and can be run in stages. The software includes options to load raw data, average in time and/or frequency, flag known sources of interference, flag more comprehensively with SERPent (ascl:1312.001), carry out some or all of the calibration procedures (including self-calibration), and image in either normal or wide-field mode. It also optionally produces a number of useful diagnostic plots at various stages so data quality can be assessed.

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